1) Draw a list of all major elements

which make up how you see yourself.

For example: I am


– A spiritual person – a good guy – a victim – a responsible person…

– A father – mother – friend – lover –husband – wife – partner …

– An artist – an athlete – a businessman – a revolutionary – An ordinary person…

– A fan of the X sport team – a Democrat – a Theosophist – a Sannyasi –

a social worker…

– A healer – a psychic – a very rich man – someone always unlucky…

– I am …………….


– Then imagine yourself

and, even more important, feel yourself without these aspects, without holding to even one that you are particularly attracted to:


in this practice, let go of them all. What will then be left

will be your true Self.


2) Ask yourself the perennial Question: “Who am I?”


– Whenever any other thought arises

don’t stay with it but as Ramana Maharshi always recommended and immediately inquire:

To whom did it arise?


– Your mind with reply to your question

saying something like “to me”


– At this point keep repeating


“Who am I?” In what does exactly consist

this “me”?


If you do this persistently enough at a certain point the rigid structures of the mind break, become silent at last,


and then your true being will be revealed.






To discern what you are,

You must remove those things that constitute your property;

You cannot be your possessions.

These include your body, your mind, your intellect.

Your feelings and opinions, all material property and

All roles you have assumed.


According to Wu Hsin, the investigation to discover who we really are


The investigation may be summed up this way:

You know you are.

How do you know it and through what you know it?

Inspect all forms of seeming self until

That which is prior to any form of self becomes obvious,


He suggests that you ask yourself the following questions:


– Can you sense that you are

And that You know that you are?


– Did you have to do anything

To acquire the sense “I am?”


– Did you need to make an effort to access or sustain it?

Can you stop the sense of this aware presence?


– Does it have a unique location?


– Does it have a beginning and end?


– Does it have preferences?


– Has it aged as you have?


– It is something you have, it is your awareness or

It is only awareness?


– Do any sensory perceptions, thoughts, memories, and

Imaginations exist independently from it?


– It is separate from you?


– It is the same as mind or

It is that which knows the contents of the mind?


– Can this sense of aware presence be described?


– Is it intermittent; does it come and go?


– Do you need a practice or a special technique to

Recognize this being-awareness?


– Does seeing it requires meditation

An awakening or some other spiritual experience?


– When the sensing is not clear and obvious,

What obscures it from you?


– Everything you think,

everything you do is for your self

but who is this self that is

claimed as yours?


– And who is the claimer?

My body,

my thoughts,

my feelings and emotions.


You are not them

Because they are yours, separate.

Show Wu Hsin you are “Me”


– What part of you can claim to be

Unchangeable, independent and autonomous?

You are constantly changing, ever-moving.


You presume that there is a distinct “I”

and then ask what it is.


– You ask “Who am I?”. but there is one?

It all begins with Is-ness.


There is just being, not as I, he, it or anything.

You then differentiate it by the used of pronouns: I, he, you,it, and by “this” and “that”. That’s where all the difficulty comes in.

Confront to questioner.


– Where did the questioner arise from?

Clearly, it is not constant.


– What is the medium by which you know “I Am”?

Does it have a location or a shape?

It is, yet it is not perceivable.

How can it be sought?


just as the moon

reflecting on the lake’s water

is not the moon.

Here is the utter

simplicity of the matter:


– in the absence of identification

with any thing

who are you?

Or better still

what are you?



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